Berzin, Eduard Petrovich
- (?–1937)A Latvian, Berzin was one of a number of Balts who joined the Red Army and the Cheka in the winter of 1917–1918. Berzin was cleverly used as a political pawn during the Lockhart Plot. Berzin played a disaffected and greedy officer, willing to be corrupted. British agent Robert Bruce Lockhart bought the story and incriminated himself. As a result, the Cheka gained insight into the plot. Berzin had a second career managing the gulag in the Kolyma River valley. Berzin was sent to Siberia in 1932 to develop a huge complex of camps to mine gold in sub-Arctic northeastern Siberia. Despite an excellent record of production, Berzin was arrested in 1937 and shot as a spy, apparently because of his relationship with British intelligence in 1918. Berzin was replaced by his deputy Karp Pavlov, who had a far more notorious reputation than Berzin.
Historical dictionary of Russian and Soviet Intelligence. Robert W. Pringle. 2014.
Look at other dictionaries:
Eduard Berzin — Eduard Petrovich Berzin ( lv. Eduards Bērziņš; 1894 1938), born in Latvia, was first a soldier, then a Chekist, but is remembered primarily for setting up Dalstroy, which instituted a system of Kolyma forced labour camps in North Eastern Siberia… … Wikipedia
Kolyma — This is an article about the region commonly known as Kolyma. For river it is named after, see Kolyma River The Kolyma (pronounced koh lee MAH) region ( ru. Колыма) is located in the far north eastern area of Russia in what is commonly known as… … Wikipedia
Dalstroy — Dalstroy (Russian: Дальстрой, IPA: [dɐlʲˈstroj]), also known as Far North Construction Trust, was an organization set up in 1931 by the Soviet NKVD (the predecessor of the KGB) in order to manage road construction and the mining of… … Wikipedia